Renowned professor of legal theory and legal philosophy Elio Gallego García has written numerous articles, essays, and book chapters. He is also the author of many books and monographs, including Sabiduría clásica y libertad política (Ciudadela 2009); Common law: El pensamiento jurídico y político de Sir Eduard Coke (Ediciones Encuento 2012); Razón y autoridad: Hobbes y la quiebra de la tradición occidental (CEPC, 2016); Representación y poder: Un intentode clarificación (Dykinson, 2017); Estado de disolución: Europa y su destino en el pensamiento de Donoso Cortés (Sekotia, 2017); Idea de un rey patriota para la reconstitución de España (Schedas, 2020); y La forma de la libertad en la tradición política de Occidente (Dykinson, 2021).
Photo: CEFAS/Fundación Universitaria San Pablo CEU.
Gallego recently became the director of CEFAS—Centro de Estudios, Formación y Análisis Social (Centre for Studies, Training, and Social Analysis)—a new Madrid-based think-tank which this week will host an international congress entitled “Hacia una renovación cristiana de Europa” (Towards a Christian Renewal of Europe). The conference will be held on 2-4 March 2022 at the Universidad San Pablo CEU in Madrid. We publish below a recent interview with Prof. Gallego conducted by our partners at Nazione Futura in Rome.
What can you tell us about CEFAS? When was it established and what does it do?
CEFAS was formally established last July , when its constitution was approved by the Board of Trustees of the San Pablo CEU University Foundation—although, of course, it had been in development for more than a year.
Up until now, its main activity had consisted of leadership courses for young professionals structured into two clearly differentiated thematic blocks. One revolves around the question ‘what do I need to know’ in order to act in public life, while the other asks ‘how can I act’ in the same field. During the next academic year, we also plan to launch a new course for university students, which will run alongside the four years of the current full degree offerings.
In addition to these training projects—which make up our ‘Leadership School’—we have also engaged in intense international networking, especially in Europe, with like-minded individuals and institutions.
What are the objectives of this week’s conference, “Towards a Christian Renewal of Europe”?
The main objective of this conference is to facilitate an awareness that could be summarised in the following phrase from Isaiah: If you do not stand firm in your faith, you shall not stand at all. Unbelief—atheism—is a disease that, if not cured in time, inevitably leads to death. And pseudo-religions like the ‘woke’ ideology can only accelerate this process of decomposition and death. It is necessary to believe—not just in any old thing but in that which, from the beginning, has given life and vigour to our continent. In short, if Europe wants to remain in history, if it wants to continue to exist, it needs to overcome its rationalist moment and return to the sources of its religiosity.
To whom is the conference primarily addressed?
It is addressed to a relatively broad audience of people who are concerned about the future of Europe—and who wonder what can be done to reverse this process of decline.
What role does Christianity play in Europe in this historical period?
I see Christianity as the ‘Father’s house,’ as in the parable of the Prodigal Son. And I hope and trust that, after the adventure of attempting to build a world without God, and after squandering our entire moral and material heritage, we will be capable of doing an exercise of memory. I pray we can remember who we are and where we come from—and, with full humility, get up and direct our steps towards the place from which life comes to us.
Who are some of the people who will speak at the “Towards a Christian Renewal of Europe” conference, and how were they chosen?
There are certainly many prominent figures coming, starting with thinkers committed to the res publica—such as French philosophers Chantal Delsol and François-Xavier Bellamy, or the American writers Rod Dreher and Rusty Reno, not to mention representatives of the always rich, Italian Catholic culture, such as Francesco Giubilei and Giulio Meotti.
We will have, of course, a large Spanish contingent, of which I would like to highlight the outstanding figure of Dalmacio Negro Pavón, as well as thinkers and academics from other parts of Europe, and specifically from Russia and Central Europe, including Balázs Orbán, who will inaugurate our congress. All of them have something to say, have thought long and hard about this subject, and are clearly aware that “a disease is spreading across Europe and the West”—and that it is none other than the agony of Christianity.
Politics and Christianity: how do these two realities come into contact with each other, and do the decisions of one affect the other?
Naturally, these are inseparable realities. To such an extent that—borrowing a distinction from Henri Bergson, which Karl Popper had long abused—it can be said that European societies today are characterised by being “closed” to the religious and supernatural, as opposed to the “open” societies of other eras. It is well understood that this “openness” or “closure” is always perceived in relative, never absolute, terms. It is clearly a question of a “plus” and a “minus”—but of a plus and minus that are decisive for the life of our societies.
The new President of the European Parliament, Roberta Metsola, declared that it is on Christian foundations that we can speak of a new hope for Europe. Will this be a theme discussed during this week’s conference?
I do not know if these words by Roberta Metsola, which I applaud, will be discussed. There will certainly be discussions about recovering Europe’s Christian foundations—foundations that only the most radical blindness and sectarianism can deny as a necessary antidote to the nihilism that surrounds us. But I would also like to introduce another image, one different from that of ‘foundations’: that of light. Since I first read them, I have been impressed by these words from Mark Lilla: “We have chosen to keep our politics unilluminated by the light of divine revelation.” Well, the basic thesis of this week’s conference is exactly the opposite: what if we were to try to let the light of revelation illuminate our politics?
European identity is closely linked to Christianity, but during the March 3rd session of this conference, there will be a discussion of the “agony of Christianity in the West.” What are the reasons that lead us to now speak of the decline of religion?
Because it is a fact—and in the face of such facts, there is no room for interpretation. There is no doubt that we are in the midst of the agonising decomposition of Christianity throughout the West. The question is, as [the Italian philosopher] Augusto Del Noce pointed out, whether we are facing an eclipse or a sunset. I am certainly not optimistic about the current situation of Christianity, in general, and of the Catholic Church, in particular. But despite not being an optimist, I do believe in the action of Providence in history—and that fills me with hope.
In a world that is changing day by day, do you think that the Christian religion should be renewed? If so, how? If not, why not?
I believe it must renew itself as any authentically religious movement or institution has always renewed itself: by going back to the sources. As Rilke said [in Vladimir, the Cloud Painter]: “God waits in other places; he waits beneath everything. Where the roots are.”
Do you think that after this week’s conference, new collaborations at the European level will be possible?
The possibility of initiating and strengthening such collaborations is undoubtedly one of the objectives of this congress, for this is not a struggle of one particular country or another; it is a civilizational struggle. This is why I am convinced that Europe and the West will be saved or lost together.